The Oak is a common symbol of strength and endurance. As well as its strength for building purposes, the Oak is much prized for the beauty of its grain and texture, and the richness of its colouring after polishing. For these reasons such it has always been a favourite wood of carpenters and cabinetmakers for use in panelling, doors and furniture and flooring . It is initially pale brown in colour but Oak wood darkens with age. There are many diverse species of the Oak from around the world, all of which vary greatly in appearance. Whichever variety you choose for your interiors, this wood will always guarantee your home a warm and natural feeling. At Real Wood Flooring we stock and supply a variety of Solid boards ( unfinished or prefinished ) and Engineered boards .
Color: Dark brown to black with fine black veining. The Tree: Ranges from 60-90 feet in height; bole usually straight and unbuttressed; trunk diameters about 36". The Wood: Texture is rather coarse; straight grain; hard and heavy. Works fairly well with machine tools but has a high blunting effect on cutting edges. Turns well. Difficult to glue if resinous. Typical Uses: Furniture, cabinets, flooring, industrial, exterior. Source Region: Tropical West Africa, Zaire, Cameroon, Gabon, Tanzania.
The Merbau tree grows in mangroves and coastal areas to about 50m tall. It has a strongly buttressed trunk. The wood is used for flooring in US and European markets where it is commonly sold under different names. Its timber, called 'Merbau', is highly valued because it is stronger than teak and resistant to termites. In the Philippines, Merbau is used as a standard against which the durability of other timbers are assessed. Merbau is used where stability and durability are important, e.g., high-class flooring , furniture, musical instruments. A dye can be extracted from the wood, the bark and leaves were used in traditional medicines, and the seeds are said to be edible.
The Walnut is important for their attractive timber, which (except in young trees) is hard, dense, tight-grained and polishes to a very smooth finish. The colour ranges from creamy white in the sapwood to a dark chocolate colour in the heartwood. When kiln-dried, walnut wood tends toward a dull brown colour, but when air-dried can become a rich purplish-brown. Because of its colour, hardness and grain it is a prized furniture and floor wood.
Ash Flooring has a light natural colour which varies from almost pure white to grey and the flooring is graded accordingly. Ash is a British wood and as such will not feel out of place in your home. The Ash often reaches heights between seventy and ninety feet, with a girth often as much as twenty feet. It grows best in moist situations in rich soils and when crowded, will form a trunk free of branches to a great height. When standing alone it grows large limbs, which divide into numerous branches so as to form a spreading head, whilst in old trees, especially when growing on rocky slopes, the branches acquire a downward sweep. It may be merely rounded in outline or drawn up to some height, and the green of the foliage is somewhat dull and monotonous when viewed closely; but it is the transparency of the tree, and the play of light through its entire leafage, that give its chief charm to the Ash. The wood of the Ash is a greyish-white throughout, the sap-wood being used along with the more central portions, an advantage peculiar to but few species. It is more flexible than that of any other European tree, and its value is increased by rapid growth. Few trees become useful so soon. The tree of lives to an age of several hundred years but can be most profitably felled at from eighty to a hundred years old. For smaller wood it is, of course, largely treated as coppice.
Beech belongs to the same family as the Oaks and is indigenous to a large part of the world including Europe, Asia Minor, Japan and the Americas. Beech has light brown, hard, and moderately heavy timber. The wood is close and even in texture, with a fine silky grain, and is easily worked and fairly strong and durable. The Beech most commonly grown as an ornamental tree is the European Beech, widely cultivated in North America as well as its native Europe. The European species yields a widely used timber, an easy-to-work utility wood. European Beech offers a medium range of colour variability in each of the colour ranges this wood is offered in. In the drying process, Beech which is steamed yields a pink/orangey tan colour, while the unsteamed Beech yields a blonde tan coloured wood. Within each of these selections, Beech ranges in colour from a light cream colour on through to a medium tan brown and when steamed will have the pinkish/orangey overtones. As with all natural wood products European Beech undergoes a medium degree of colour change with a slight muting of the orangey tan colours and an ambering in colour over time.
Mahogany has a generally straight grain and is usually free of voids and pockets. It has a reddish brown color which darkens over time, and displays a beautiful reddish sheen when polished. It has excellent workability, and is very durable and slow to rot. These properties make it a favorable wood for boat making, as tradition has shown, as well as for making furniture and upholstery (see Chippendale), musical instruments, and other durable objects. Mahogany is a very popular material for drum making, because of its great integrity and capability to produce a very dark, warm tone compared to other more common wood types like maple or birch. The famous Beatles sound of the 60s was made with Ludwig Drums in mahogany shells. Today, several drum manufacturers have rediscovered the features of mahogany shells, resulting in several high end series offering shells made in this wood. The buyer should be cautious, however, because Philippine mahogany, an inferior material and not a real mahogany at all, is often used in low-end drums.
Teak Wood Flooring comes from the Tectona grandis tree; a hardwood of the family Verbenaceae. Teak is said to be indigenous to India, Burma, Thailand, Indochina and Java. It has been extensively planted for wood or as an ornamental within its natural range and throughout the tropical regions of the world, including East and West Africa, as well as Cuba and the Caribbean, and South America from Panama to Brazil. Teak is a well-known and very good general-purpose wood . Its favourable properties make it suitable for a wide variety of purposes. For the export market Teak is recommended for interior and exterior joinery (windows, solid panel doors, framing) and is used for flooring exposed to light to moderate pedestrian traffic. Teak is a medium-weight timber which is rather soft and has a very characteristic appearance. The heartwood is often dull yellowish when freshly cut but it turns golden brown or sometimes dark greyish-brown after exposure, often streaked greyish or blackish; the sapwood is yellowish-white or pale yellowish-brown and up to 50 mm thick. The wood is oily to the touch, and when freshly cut it has a smell reminiscent of leather. The grain of the wood is straight, wavy or slightly interlocked. Teak is not a wood from tropical rain forests, and indeed, teak cannot grow in rain forests - it is a deciduous tree which grows particularly well in the dry, hilly terrain typical of plantation forests in Southeast Asia. When plantation grown, the tree will attain a height of up to 45m [150ft] with a diameter 1 - 1.5m [3 - 5ft]. It will be ready for harvesting at around 50 - 60 years. If well maintained the tree can produce a clear stem of up to 30m in length giving a high timber yield. The Teak Tree has annual growth rings. It grows quickly in the right conditions and puts on nearly one inch of growth in diameter in four to five years. It can grow up to a height of 45m and a girth of about 4 to 5m in nearly 100 years when its wood is considered fully mature and suitable for any use where along with strength, good looks of the finished product are the main requirement. Teak Wood is considered to be one of the best timbers available anywhere. It weights nearly 20 kg to a cubic foot and its grains show beautiful patterns. It planes easily and takes varnish and polish very well. Teak has many other uses in addition to being an excellent timber. Its wood contains a kind of scented oil which renders any teak product repellent to insects.
The Maple is one of North America's most versatile and best-loved deciduous trees. Depending on the variety, Maples are used for rough construction or in the making of fine furniture. The sap of sugar Maples is the only ingredient in Maple syrup, the delicious elixir produced in Ontario, Quebec and New England every spring. Maples are also a major tourist attraction - their breath-taking leaves captivate visitors to eastern North America every autumn. A single Maple Leaf is even the proud centrepiece of Canada's national flag. Maple Wood , which varies in hardness, toughness and other properties, is in demand for flooring , furniture, interior woodwork, veneer, small woodenware, and supports several flourishing industries in eastern Canada. Maple is also highly prized in furniture building and cabinet-making. Maple lumber comes principally from the Middle Atlantic and Lake States of America, which together account for about two-thirds of the production. The wood of Sugar Maple and Black Maple is known as Hard Maple; that of Silver Maple, Red Maple, and Boxelder as Soft Maple. The Sapwood is commonly white with a slight reddish-brown tinge; the Heartwood is light reddish brown, but sometimes is considerably darker. Hard Maple has a fine, uniform texture, turns well on a lathe, is resistant to abrasion and has no characteristic odor. It is heavy, strong, stiff, hard, and resistant to shock, and it has large shrinkage. Sugar Maple is generally straight grained but the grain also occurs as birds-eye, curly, and fiddleback grain. The wood of Soft Maples resembles that of hard maples but is not as heavy, hard and strong, the better grade of soft maple has been substituted for hard maple in furniture.
Kempas wood flooring is a course grained and very hard. The sapwood of Kempas is yellow to pale white, while the heartwood is generally pink to reddish colour wood, with medium graining, that is widely used for flooring in the Far East. Kempas wood offers a wide range of colour variability from a pale pink-tan colour to a medium dark-reddish colour and undergoes a medium degree of muting of the colour range over time and a slight darkening to a medium reddish colour. Kempas Wood Flooring has a natural resistance to decay. The wood remains smooth under friction and is reported to have no discernable odour. Kempas dries rather easily and is compact, hard and heavy. That is why it is most hardwearing hardwood floor species in our collection. In addition, Kempas wood is highly decorative with its understated patterns flickering in tones of brandy and dark rum. Its dark tones also lend deep glow to the other colours in the décor. Kempas grows in Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei and Sumatra and is much harder than most of the red or white oaks. As a flooring option Kempas is a hard and durable wood with strong tensile performance after being dried. It is nearly identical in hardness to African Padauk, is roughly eighteen percent harder than Hard Maple, about one third harder than Red Oak, and approaches eighty percent of Santos Mahogany's ranking of 2200. Kempas's principal uses include flooring , chairs, shingles, cabinets, and veneer. When working with Kempas flooring pre-boring is suggested but the wood holds nails well once applied. Glue also holds well with kempas flooring . This species sands well but does require some filling to ensure a good polish.